According to Bosch forecasts, by 2020, most household gadgets will be connected to the Internet. Smart products will receive open codes and APIs. Their functionality will expand, a new ecosystem will appear.
And by 2022, the market will flood almost half a million types of “smart gadgets”.
The Internet of things is a reality in which objects interact with each other without human intervention. The most popular of them are webcams, smart sockets, motion sensors, door opening sensors, smart home control centers.
The process is led by high technology progress and algorithms. Sensors are installed everywhere today – both in rocket engines and on the doors of supermarkets. It is enough to program the device once, and it will work for decades. Scenarios will vary according to the situation.
Smart home systems are expensive. But in the long run the costs pay off.
After all, devices help:
- Remotely manage household chores
- Reduce costs for electricity, gas and water
- Prevent fires and leaks
- Quickly deal with an accident if it did happen
- Protect the house from breaking
The scenarios of their work depend on temperature, humidity, light, smoke and other factors. Savings from the implementation of smart systems reaches 30% per year.
All these features are available to smart cities. But cities have different priorities. Their main goal is to contribute to the growth of the welfare of the population, and this requires the solution of a wide range of tasks. We need to create an environment in which city residents can develop their abilities and inspire others. Safety and protection must be ensured by providing monitoring tools to the appropriate structures. It is necessary to increase the level of satisfaction of residents with urban services, which should fully meet their needs. Care should be taken for the environment. And this is only part of the key challenges facing smart cities. At the heart of solving all these problems is the concept of the Internet of things.
Among the other challenges it is important to notice the following:
Helping people who need care
- Automated first aid systems connected to equipment for monitoring basic vital functions
- Connected urban infrastructure supporting the movement of senior citizens and people with disabilities
- Monitoring the location and safety of children in parks and playgrounds
- Comprehensive assessment of the state of the environment: air pollution, noise exposure, soil, water, vegetation and radiation levels
- Automated irrigation and fertilizer
- Animal habitat monitoring
- Saving natural resources: water reuse, energy efficiency, domestic wastewater treatment
- Intelligent waste collection, recycling and disposal systems
Increased safety and security
- Connected emergency services
- Real-time hazard alert
- Prediction, detection and prevention of hazardous events through recognition and analysis of information flows (for example, distribution of noise, images, accelerometers)
- Emergency response
- Sensor coverage
Intelligent decision making
- Interaction with residents through a connected feedback system
- Differentiated survey and public warning
- Analysis of the behavior, mood and opinions of citizens
- Analysis of the types of interaction of residents with urban infrastructure
- Collective decision making based on IoT data
The Internet of things diverges in all directions, continuing to cover new areas – from smart consumer goods to industrial IoT. Many believe that, having completely covered our environment, IoT will turn into the “Internet of everything.” Wherever we glance, IoT penetrates our lives everywhere. The widest opportunities for smart cities for the long term are opened if they can take advantage of IoT achievements in individual industries and for the benefit of their residents. At the same time, it is necessary to have a strategic concept, be guided by the principle of openness and develop IoT in the direction of creating values. In cities of the future, solutions, products and technologies developed in the field of public utilities, transport, real estate, retail, automotive and healthcare that will benefit people will find application. The prospect of taking a lead role in working within the IoT market and making a significant contribution to improving the well-being of residents and its economy looks very tempting. However, any good leader knows that the initial thing is to form a good team or professionals.